Category Archives: General

Fight the Cigarette Tax – Quit Smoking!

Smoking has just become even more expensive. The new federal taxes on tobacco products raised tobacco taxes on cigarettes from 39 cents to $1.01 a pack on April 1 as part of an increase to pay for expanded federal health insurance programs for uninsured children. I like the idea of giving health coverage to children and I agree with this plan 100%. The reason I agree is because I don’t smoke. I used to but I quit many years ago.

The reason I quit was because cigarettes were making me feel terrible. I had colds constantly. My breath stunk and so did my clothes. Over the past 35 years or so I have seen the effects of smoking on many of my friends and acquaintances. Unfortunately, quite a few of them are experiencing health problems. It was because of this that I decided to start helping people quit smoking using hypnosis and NLP. I wanted to help people have a better chance at living a long, healthy life.

If you need reasons to quit, here are 9 of the best reasons I could come up with.

1. Smoking Causes Poor Circulation and Heart Disease

Smoking can kill you a number of ways. The most prominent is heart disease. There were 332,973 deaths due to heart disease in 2004. It was the number one cause of death in the United States. Smoking is responsible for 30 percent of all heart attacks and cardiovascular deaths. Nicotine, the main ingredient in cigarettes, raises your blood pressure and makes your blood clot more easily. When your blood clots more easily it gets stuck in your veins causing poor circulation and heart attacks.

Did you know that smokers often have frequent headaches? They get them because there is a constant lack of oxygen due to hardened, narrowed blood vessels to your brain. Oh, by the way, these hardened, narrowed blood vessels can lead to a stroke. Even though it wasn’t due to smoking my dad had a stroke. I guarantee you that one of the biggest reasons I don’t smoke is that I don’t want to spend the last years of my life like my dad did, weakened, using a crutch and frustrated because he couldn’t find the words to explain what he wanted to say. flavours for vape juice australia

Those blood clots caused by your smoking can cause a stroke if they end up in your brain. Smoking deprives your cardiovascular system of oxygen. When combined with the monoxide poisoning form cigarettes, this lack of oxygen forms thick cholesterol deposits on your artery walls, choking off your blood supply. This resulting poor circulation can cause impotence, another reason to quit smoking. If you are a middle-aged or older man smoking can keep you from getting an erection and also impairs sperm motility. Most men find that this reverses when they stop smoking.

If that wasn’t enough, the poor circulation caused by smoking’s result in Claudication or chronic pains in the legs, feet and toes. This can eventually lead to a loss of circulation and you can end up having gangrene which will lead to the amputations of your toes or feet. Smoking can also be linked to loss of circulation in your fingers.

2. Smoking Causes Cancer of the Mouth, Emphysema, Lung Cancer and Bronchitis

Do you know anyone who has died from cancer? I have known a few. It can be a slow, terrible death. Cancer is caused cells that grow like weeds in a garden that strangle out needed bodily functions and good cells. I would not wish cancer on anyone.

Studies show that smoking is responsible for at least 30 percent of all cancer deaths. Read that again, smoking is responsible for 30 percent of all cancer deaths. Tobacco in any form, including “smokeless” or chewing tobacco significantly increases the risk for cancer of the mouth.

Smoking tobacco can cause similar effects as well as giving you gum disease and tooth decay. Dentist regularly send me their patients that smoke because they know the problems smoking has on dental health. Smoking also makes your teeth yellow and gives you bad breath.

If you smoke you are ten times more likely to get lung cancer as a nonsmoker. Smoking is linked to 87 percent of all lung cancer deaths each year. Smoking is responsible for 82 percent of deaths due to emphysema and chronic bronchitis.

Critical Cybersecurity Steps for You to Take

One of the largest challenges we are faced with on the Internet is cyber attacks.

Threats to our economy, national security, online communities, and families depend on how effective we are at protecting ourselves from cyber attacks from Internet predators. Here are a few steps that will improve your online security.

First, make sure you have anti-virus software and firewalls configured properly. Make sure they are updated regularly, as well. Everyday new threats are discovered, so keeping you software up-to-date and current makes it easier to protect you and your family, or business from attacks. Most anti-virus and firewall programs have automatic updates available for you to configure. Managed IT Services Toronto 

Another safety precaution technique is to update your operating system and vital program software. These software updates provide the latest protection against malicious attacks. Again, most of these critical software programs have automatic updates available for you to turn on.

Remember to back up your important files. Copy them onto removable discs you can store in a safe place, preferable at another location other than where your computer is at.

Know Who You’re Dealing With

In all endeavors, it’s also important for you to know what you’re getting into, and who you’re dealing-especially on the Internet. You cannot judge someone’s character or motives by simply looking at a profile picture, MLM blog, or website. Many scammers online impersonate legitimate MLM, affiliate, and home-based businesses when, in fact, they have ulterior motives. Make sure you do some research prior to making any purchases of products or services from individuals or businesses on the Internet.

Finally, protect your passwords-keep them in a secure place. Best practices suggest using longer passwords which include letters and symbols. Every ninety days change your password and avoid using common words. Use different passwords for each of your online accounts.

If you suspect someone is hacking your computer, contact your Internet Service Provider and contact the Federal Bureau of Investigation at the following link:

When you’re shopping, either online, or offline, if someone takes advantage of your through an Internet auction, file a complaint with the Federal Trade Commission.

On social networking sites, it’s important to trust your instincts and advise your children to trust theirs, as well. If you or your children feel uncomfortable, or feel threatened by someone online, encourage your children to tell you. Pass the information onto the police and the social networking site.

How Smoking Impacts Your Health Insurance Policy

It’s a well-known fact that smoking causes an adverse effect on your health. You must have seen the warning message on all cigarette boxes – ‘Smoking is injurious to health’. Smoking tobacco is a root cause of 30% of all cancer deaths and causes 16 times higher risk of heart attack.

There are almost 120 million smokers in India. As per World Health Organization, India accommodates around 12% of the world’s smoking population. The number of men smoking tobacco has increased from 78 million in year 1998 to 108 million in the year 2015. Tobacco consumption is accountable for the death of 6 million people each year. Direct tobacco consumption accounts for over 5 million deaths and 0.6 million deaths are due to exposure to second-hand smoke. Considering serious public health risks, the Government has banned smoking in public places from 2nd October, 2008.

Not only your health, it also causes you to pay higher premiums for a health insurance policy, due to increased health risks and shorter life expectancy. A nonsmoker however, gets premium discounts as a reward to lead a healthy lifestyle. Being a smoker, it is advisable not to hide your smoking habit from your health insurance company, as it helps you to cover the smoking-related health issues.

There is a wide curiosity among people, how smoking impacts the health insurance and its cost. Let’s educate yourself about smoking and its impact on health insurance policy.

Smoking – What It Includes

Smoking includes inhalation of of the smoke of burning tobacco in the form of cigarettes, cigars and beedi. Whether you are an occasional smoker or frequent smoker, you will be considered as a smoker under the health insurance policy.

Smokers can buy health insurance, however an insurance company may charge extra premium or reject your application for insurance, depending on the number of cigarettes you smoke on a regular basis. A smoker may also have to go through additional health check-ups that can help an insurance company to ascertain the risk factor and then charge the premium amount accordingly. wellness

How Smoking Affects Your Health and Insurance Premium

Smoking makes the serious impact on your health, some of them are detailed below.

Circulatory System: Smoking results in increased risk in the heartache and blood pressure. Building up of fatty acids could resulting to atherosclerosis.

Immune System: Smoking results in severe and long lasting illnesses. Smokers are more prone to develop ulcers, cancer, pneumonia, high blood pressure, bronchitis, and other viral/bacterial/fungal infections.

Respiratory System: Smoking may damage lung functions and breathlessness. It may cause damage to the air sacs of the lungs, increased chance of developing chronic bronchitis.

Oral Health: Smoking can lead to tooth loss, tooth staining, gum disease which may increase the risk of tooth decay.

Cancer: Smoking for a long time also causes cancer to various body organs.

When it comes to a health insurance policy, an insurance company considers the magnitude of illnesses and deaths caused due to smoking and that’s why, smokers need to pay higher premiums to avail health insurance cover. Typically, the insurance companies charge around 15 to 20 percent higher from a smoker policyholder. Those who smoke would need to undergo additional medical checks, before the insurer issues you the policy.

Let’s understand the difference of premium between a smoker and non-smoker individual.

Ritesh (non-smoker) at 30 years of age buys an individual health plan with Rs 5 Lacs coverage, for 1 year policy term, the chargeable annual premium amount is Rs 4,656. However, Raj (smoker) is buying an individual health plan, he is charged with an annual premium amount of Rs 7,552. An increase in premium amount is only due to the fact that Ansh lies in the smoker category of premium. We can see Raj is paying Rs 2896 extra on account of smoking.

The Real Deal on Organic Makeup

If you are a big fan of cosmetics, then you have probably heard of organic makeup, or mineral makeup. The whole green revolution has convinced many people all over the world to patronize organic and all natural products from food to household products and even makeup. Organic makeup are becoming more and more popular these days because of the advantages they have that their traditional counterparts do not possess. organic makeup

Did you know that the makeup that you are using contain very small traces of mercury, lead, alcohol, aluminum and formaldehyde? Shocking, right? Unlike commercially produced makeup, natural makeup does not contain harmful ingredients that can harm the skin. It is free from harsh chemicals, fragrances and synthetic colors which can cause various skin problems such as clogged pores, comedones, allergy and acne. Organic makeup are made from plant materials only or from substances derived from plant materials so you’re assured that it’s gentle on the skin. It minimizes allergies and it is perfect for all types of skin, even for those with extra sensitive skin.

There are many benefits of using organic cosmetics. Just like commercially produced cosmetics, it comes in a wide range of colors to suit your needs. Organic makeup also caters to every budget. Whether you are in a budget or in the mood for some splurge, you will surely be able to find one that suits you. Lastly, organic makeup are skin friendly. Because it is made from natural ingredients, it is beneficial to your skin in more ways than one. Studies have even shown that those who use organic makeup experience very little to no allergies as compared to those who use commercially produced ones.

Application wise, organic makeups are relatively easier to apply than conventional makeups. Usually, you will only need one type of tool, which is a brush. Mineral makeups do not require sponges because it comes in powder form. Furthermore, it is much easier to find the perfect shade for you unlike in most traditional makeups.

If you’re into animal welfare, then organic makeup is also something to smile about. Majority of organic cosmetic companies don’t use animals in the testing of their products. You’re assured that no animals were harmed in the production and testing process.

Not Everything Can Be Stored Online – Offices Need Paper Archives

Businesses are still some way from being able to keep all their archives online.

It’s particularly true when it comes to those documents that businesses have to store on behalf of clients for periods of time specified in law.

For example business accounts must be kept for seven years. That can add up to an awful lot of paper per client for a typical accountancy office offering book keeping, VAT and tax return services.

Even those practices that are moving over to secure electronic document storage are faced with a seven-year cycle before they can complete the move.

There’s also the issue that no storage system is completely fool proof – data can get lost, computers crash, CDs, DVDs, memory sticks and hard drives don’t last forever, so a back-up is always a good idea and some of us will never be entirely comfortable without knowing the original documents are safely available somewhere as a last resort.

Sometimes, too, there’s no substitute for the feel of holding a historic document compete with elegant script and heavy seal in your hand.

It is likely, therefore, that storage space for paper archives will be needed for some time yet – and this can be a significant cost to businesses, particularly those that need to be in an expensive high-profile location.

It makes no sense to be leasing up to a third more floor area just to provide for archive storage.

However, you may need access to those archives from time to time, and they certainly need to be stored somewhere secure, fire and damp proof.

Secure self storage facilities are providing the solution for many such businesses and offer many advantages:

An office suite’s rental per square metre is often several times higher than it is in a managed warehouse. Highly sensitive data can be stored securely offsite ensuring compliance with legal requirements for document storage.

There’s no worry about keeping sensitive data on the office site and adding to the costs of insurance against fire and water damage.

Document storage facilities are available on the edge of most town centres. They ensure that sensitive archive information is kept away from prying eyes – clients get their own key or access code so they can access any documents if needed quickly and conveniently. archive storage essex

The process of organising files for moving to such storage provides an opportunity to order files and loose paperwork.

If you’re considering offsite secure archiving it’s worth planning ahead and giving some thought to how the documents will be organised.

How accessible do you need them to be? Are they all inactive files or part-active part inactive? How frequently are you likely to need to look at them?

You will perhaps decide that some can be boxed and labelled, some perhaps needs to be in hanging folders in either boxes or filing cabinets?

Then you will be in a better position to decide whether you just need an empty unit, or one that’s part-or completely supplied with shelving.

The answers will also help the storage company staff advise you on how much space you will need, whether you need shelving you and the storage company staff

Whichever is the best method you need to ensure there is a system of labelling and cataloguing that is easy to understand.

Some storage companies advise that you leave a duplicate list with them as well as keeping one at your office and some archiving storage specialists will actually manage your archive for you, to the extent of securely destroying those files that are beyond the period when you’re legally required to keep them.

 

How Can I Spy On My Boyfriends Cell Phone?

Once you’ve overcome the moral objections to a question like ‘How can I spy on my boyfriend’s cell phone’, you will find that there are a number of cell phone spying software on the market that you could potentially use to carry out such a task. As well as the moral quandary, you will also need to check the local laws in your region to ensure that you are not infringing on anybody’s civil liberties.

That being said, cell phone tapping and spying software is legal to buy, and in some circumstances, i.e. if you own the target phone, there is no legal problem with using such spyware apps to monitor cell phone use.

How this works is that you would pay to download the said mobile phone spying software to the target phone. If it’s really your boyfriend that you are wanting to spy on, then you’ll need to pick around ten minutes where you can get worry-free access to the cell phone, uninterrupted. You’ll also need to make sure that you know any password or PIN that locks the phone. At the same time as you download the app to the phone, which, by the way, will remain completely hidden from the phone’s menu, you will be given a login and password which will give you access to a secure online website from where you will be able to view the cell phone activities. facebook messenger spy android

The kind of features that we are talking about here are the ability to be able to see all calls made to and from the mobile, including who the calls were from or to (it will list the number if the number is not associated with a name in the contact list) along with the time and duration of the calls. If you are spying on your boyfriend because he keeps receiving text messages or calls from some secret person, you could then use an online cell phone reversal service to trace the guilty party.

As well as the ability to monitor all calls, one of the most powerful features of this kind of software is the ability to read sms text messages, both inward and outward bound from the phone, even if they are instantly deleted. This kind of ability to spy on your boyfriend’s cell phone will put you in a position of knowing any hidden truths that he has been keeping from you.

There is yet another feature with this software that can be helpful in detecting any indiscretions that a cheating boyfriend might be trying to get away with. The spyware utilises the inherent GPS capabilities of the device and allows you to see, via online mapping programs, exactly where the target is whenever the device is switched on. This, again, provides an immediate answer to your query about ‘How can I spy on my boyfriend’s cell phone.

And it does not stop there. If you hunt around and check the features of the various programs on the market, you will find several that will also log all internet URLs searched and will also reveal to you any photos or images sent to or from the target. You can even read emails sent over the telephone. I’ve never had to use such software to spy on my boyfriend’s cell phone but I have used it to keep tabs on my teenage son who was hanging around with the wrong crowd and also playing hooky.

 

 

An Analysis of Iran’s Trade Regime, and its Economic Ties to Key Global Players

As Iran continues to move forward with its nuclear program, and as attempts at diplomacy have given way to more aggressive rhetoric, the specter of economic sanctions has once again stepped out on to the international theatre’s main stage. Unlike previous sanctions, though, the current US proposal being circulated among UN Security Council members would reportedly call for an outright ban on specific transactions between UN countries and the Islamic Republic, in an attempt to more precisely target the banking, insurance and shipping sectors under the control of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRCG).

The debate rages on, however, over how effective a new slate of sanctions would be in halting or even deterring Iran’s uranium enrichment efforts. While most Western powers have come out in favor of the proposed sanctions, support from Russia and China remains critical. Not coincidentally, both hesitant, veto-wielding countries also have significant economic interests within Iran’s borders.

The debate may be shrouded in political discourse, but it’s unquestionably driven by economics. And while experts and policy-makers may continue to disagree over the capacity of sanctions to bring about real political change, the only way to undertake a cost-benefit analysis of prospective economic sanctions is from the bottom, with a more detailed excavation of the Iranian trade climate and the trade relations governing it. islamske revolusjon

Iran’s Trade Landscape

With a full 10% of the world’s known oil reserves within its vast borders, Iran’s economy revolves, not surprisingly, around energy. In 2007, the Iranian state pulled in $57 billion in oil export revenue, comprising about half of all governmental revenue. Oil currently comprises about 80% of all Iranian exports.

Under the administration of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, though, the country’s domestic economy has staggered under the weight of enormous government subsidies, rising unemployment, and double-digit inflation levels. Without proper infrastructure to refine its massive supply of crude oil, the country has been forced to import gasoline. According to a recent Reuters report, Iran imported 23% more gasoline in February of 2010 than it did during the same month last year.

While many agree that sanctions targeting the IRCG would exert some deleterious effect upon the Iranian economy, others believe that sanctions could actually benefit specific partners. Dr. Arang Keshavarzian, associate professor at the Department of Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies at New York University, claims that “the tightening of sanctions will benefit three groups-traders based in free trade zones in the Gulf (especially in Dubai), business interests in countries able to resist or skirt sanctions 9especially in East and Southeast Asia), and large parastatal organizations in Iran.”

Since 1996, when the US government unilaterally passed the Iran and Libya Sanctions Act (ISLA), Iran has greatly expanded its trade relations with specific partners. Although the EU and the People’s Republic of China lead the list of Iran’s top trade partners, recent years have seen a surge in Iranian trade with other developing countries, such as Syria, Venezuela, Cuba, and India.

 

Why Every Business Owner Should Learn Digital Marketing

Along with the evolving technology of the marketing department, the activities in the digital world have gained momentum and it is revealed that there must be a staff member in the company or a freelancer to work with the title of “Digital Expert”. This course ensures that trainees can master many processes from mobile applications to the internet, e-mail to SMS, mailing, text, visuals, SEO, and use Search Engine advertising structures effectively.

The aim of the training is to;

· Gain the digital marketing vision by participating in the digital marketing ecosystem, business models, technology, and tools,

· Make you an individual who can master the digital world terminology, know about the latest trends, and know how to make an intellectual strategy and create versatile online-offline integrated projects by using digital tools,

· Develop contemporary marketing items and you will be able to develop online strategies by strategically using digital tools for brands. At this point, you will see the creation of a digital idea and the creation process at the eye of both the digital agency and the brand,

· Identify, manage, and use of brand strategies and integrate it into the management of Social Media Circles.

Who Should Attend Digital Marketing Training? Digital Empowerment

Digital Marketing training is a program designed for;

· Those who want to manage costs in the world of digital marketing, to effectively organize digital campaign processes and to make the right briefings and to direct them on designs,

· Managers who aim to specialize and who want to master all the processes of the digital marketing world,

· And, anyone interested in the subject can participate in this training.

What will you learn about Digital Marketing Training?

You will become an expert who will be able to;

· Recognize and direct implementation processes through the theory and computerized application,

· Market the product and/or service in the digital environment with the most effective digital resources.

What are the career opportunities?

In a world we live in, while most industries’ growth rate is no more than 10 percent, however, this industry has a record rate of at least three times higher. Traditional marketing tools and marketing applications will not be able to take companies what they aim for anymore, because the strategies have changed, and respectively companies and people need to change towards the right direction. This big change will certainly bring new career opportunities for students, graduates, and professionals. Most opportunities are in the fields of Search Engine Optimization (SEO), Social Media Marketing (SMM), Email Marketing, Search Engine Marketing (SEM), Content Marketing, Web Analytics with the titles of manager, SEO optimizer, Content marketing manager, Copywriter, Inbound marketing manager, Conversion rate optimizer, Search engine marketer, and Social media marketing expert.

Tips for Choosing a Medium and Heavy Truck Parts Supplier

Maintaining their parts is an important aspect of keeping freight trucks on the road. As well made as the parts of a truck may be, they eventually need replacement due to wear. For freight companies, the key is to replace parts before they break, resulting in having to leave a rig on the side of the road. A supplier of medium and heavy truck parts will assist with this task, but carriers must choose a parts supplier carefully in terms of the fleet services they need. Below are tips for choosing a parts supplier for freight trucks. best place to buy parts for my truck

Choose a supplier that has multiple service centers

Using a supplier that has a truck service center makes the parts replacement process easier. In addition to providing the parts, the supplier can install them – an arrangement that helps carriers defray the cost of maintenance through outsourcing. For companies whose fleets travel nationwide, choosing a supplier that has nationwide service centers is the best idea. If components need to be replaced while rigs are on the shipping route, the supplier will perform the necessary service.

Choose a supplier that supplies parts from various manufacturers

Some suppliers only supply components from certain medium and heavy truck parts manufacturers. This may not seem like a problem if you own trucks that need components the supplier carries. However, if you invested in a truck or an engine from a different manufacturer, you would need to have it maintained by a different truck service center. Some suppliers specialize in a certain type of truck, but have the expertise and components for servicing all types of rigs. This is the best type of supplier to work with.

Choose a supplier that has an online maintenance program

Standard maintenance is the most important service for keeping a rig on the road. When a carrier company has numerous trucks, keeping them all on the right maintenance schedule can be difficult. A supplier that has an online maintenance program solves this problem by notifying the carrier of each rig’s upcoming maintenance needs. After a vehicle is entered into the program, the carrier is notified automatically when the vehicle needs maintenance again.

Choose a supplier that offers same-day delivery

If a carrier prefers to install parts on its own, it should choose a supplier that offers same-day delivery. If it takes days to receive a component, this means a rig could spend days parked instead of on the road, delivering goods. Carrier companies demand a quick turn around for equipment repair and maintenance. They should also demand a quick turn around for parts delivery.

 

 

Booming: Television News Channels in India

News programmes have suddenly become hot property and are vying for attention with other popular programmes telecast in different channels. All major television broadcasters are including at least one news channel to their bouquet. The biggest headache for launching a satellite channel is programme software for round the clock. In this juncture, newsgathering is a major task for the 24-hour news channels. To cater this task, the emerging electronic channels have always made an attempt to cover all the incidents irrespective of position, location and time. These channels not only revolutionized the concept of news on Indian television but also changed the news formats. Before 1990s, Doordarshan had monopolized newscast on Indian television and also turned the news programs into a dowdy exercise. Now the private channels made the news an essential commodity like food, cloth and shelter. The strong point of all today’s news bulletins is their topicality, objectivity, glossy editing and high-quality visuals. News has traveled a long way from the DD era. From Local events to International events, breaking news to news analysis, television soap to page3 news, every happening comes under purview of news. In this article, we have covered some significant changes in news broadcasting in India before and after the Gulf War.

Indian Television – Flash Back

Television in India is undergoing significant changes in the current liberalized environment. To understand these changes, one needs to have some brief idea of the road covered by the television channels so far. The journey started as an experimental basis with a financial grant from UNESCO in 15th September 1959. The makeshift studio at Akashvani Bhavan in New Delhi was chosen for location of the experiment. The experiment started with one-hour program, broadcast twice a week, on community health, citizen rights, education and traffic sense etc. As far as news is concerned, it was launched exactly six years after the inception of television broadcasting. Daily one-hour program with a news bulletin was served to the Indian viewers. But one major drawback of television was that you could not enjoy the original colour of the objects because of black and white transmission. First multi-color programme was the Prime Minister’s address to the nation from Red Fort in Delhi on India’s 35th Independence Day. In the same day, DD National channel was launched. The aim of launching the National channel is nurturing national integration, and inculcating a sense of pride in Indians. Indian viewers also enjoyed the colored version of the Asian Games hosted by New Delhi in their drawing room. The coverage of major events and different occasions lend a big hand behind the infiltration of television signals to the nook and corners of the subcontinent. Indian Government had taken all possible steps to expand the television broadcasting demographically and geographically. In 1983 television signals were available to just 28% of the population, this had doubled by the end of 1985 and by 1990 over 90% of the population had access to television signals. In 1984, DD Metro channel was added to provide an exclusive entertainment for the urban viewers. In the beginning, this channel was confined to metropolitan cities.
As a public broadcaster, Doordarshan presented the news in naturalized manner. All controversial issues were pushed under the carpet. The ruling government had a strong hold on the television broadcasting. Doordarshan news bulletins were unable to provide the international news to the national viewers. Objectivity had been the first casualty as news was invariably slanted to suit the party in power. The news was liberated from the confines of the DD newsroom and gained in objectivity and credibility when New Delhi Television (NDTV) produced ‘The World This Week’ in 1988. Everyone was waiting for the Friday night to watch ‘The World This Week’. This was the only India-based programme, which looked out at the rest of the world. The World This Week was the best current affairs programme on the international scenario and carried good stuff of news, which the regular DD news was failed to carry out. This program is ranked as one of the country’s finest and most popular television shows. In 1989, NDTV produces India’s first live televised coverage of the country’s general elections. The critical and commercial success of the coverage sets a new standard for Indian television. After the Gulf War the media panorama has changed forever.

Golf War – The Catalyst

Post-1990 satellite television in India has become transnational in nature. It coincided with the entry of multinational companies in the Indian markets under the Government policy of privatization. International satellite television was introduced in India by CNN through its coverage of the Gulf War in 1991. In August 1991, Richard Li launched Star Plus, the first satellite channel beamed the signal to Indian subcontinent. Subhash Chandra’s Zee TV appeared in October 1992. It is India’s first privately owned Hindi channel to cater the interest of Indian viewers. This ignition followed by Sony and a little later by domestic channels such as Eenadu, Asianet and Sun TV. Entertainment programs had begun to occupy center stage in the organization’s programming strategies and advertising had come to be main source of funding. Doordarshan’s earlier mandate to aid in the process of social and economic development had clearly been diluted. Doordarshan had faced a stiff competition in news and public affairs programming with international channels like BBC and CNN. Doordarshan planned to sell some slots for news programme under sponsored category. In February 1995, NDTV becomes the country’s first private producer of the national news ‘News Tonight’, which aired on the country’s government-owned Doordarshan set a new landmark for Indian television because of its on-the-spot reporting with pertinent visuals. In the same year, TV Today Network occupied a 20 minutes slot in DD Metro channel and aired a Hindi and current affairs programme ‘Aaj Tak’. This programme became popular for its comprehensive coverage and unique style presentation by Late S. P. Singh. Still we remembered the sign-up message “Ye Thi Khabar Aaj Tak, Intizar. Kijiye Kal Tak”. Large number of viewers across India had been watching Aaj Tak as a daily habit because of its innovative style of news presentation. Besides that Nalini Singh’s five-minute fast paced, condensed daily news capsule Ankhon Dekhi, TV Today Network’s Business Aaj Tak and Newstrack was aired on the Metro channel of Doordarshan. This is the period when satellite channels concentrated on entertainment programmes for their respective channels. Doordarshan was still ruled the most wanted area ‘news’. Media news

Major Players

Doordarshan’s monopoly was broken in 1992, when private television channels infiltrated into the Indian boundaries and entertain the viewers as much as possible. In the beginning of 1990s, the private channels offered only entertainment programmes. The entertainment programs include family drama, comedy serials, children programmes, cartoons, movies, talk shows, recipe shows, musical concerts, non-fiction programmes etc. Private entertainment channels added some infortainment programmes to their Fixed Point Charts (FPC). Keeping the demand of infotainment programmes in mind, the media houses started to produce news magazines, entertainment magazines and news programmes for different channels. India’s premier business and consumer news broadcaster and a leading media content provider, Television Eighteen India Limited (TV18) started India’s first ever entertainment magazine ‘The India Show’ on Star Plus in 1993. This emerging media powerhouse provided prime time television content to almost all leading satellite channels in India including BBC, Star Plus, Sony Entertainment Television, Zee, MTV and Discovery. After The India Show, TV18 produced a weekly business news program India Business Report for BBC World. Indian viewers had very limited options (like public service broadcaster Doordarshan, BBC and CNN) for watching the television news. For televised news, the viewers had to watch Dordarshan and some international news channels like BBC or CNN. In this race to provide more news, more information, Zee Television jumped into the battlefield by launching the news channel Zee News in 1995. This News and current affairs channel revolutionized the way news was delivered to the viewers. Since its inception Zee News has endeavoured to be the fastest to provide news, working towards a single goal of Sabse Pahle (Always First). The other round-the-clock news channel, the Murdoch-owned Star TV beamed its exclusively 24-hour news channels, Star News in 1998. Star made a contract of five year with Prannoy Roy-owned NDTV (New Delhi Television Company) to provide news content for this news channel.
The untiring exhaustive coverage of the Kargil war between India and Pakistan gained more publicity and attracted more viewers towards the electronic channel. This televised conflict also sets a news benchmark for wartime journalism. During the Kargil war, common citizens witnessed how their brave Jawans fought despite in hostile conditions and watched the war front live by the exclusively news channels, Star-TV and Zee-News. The live coverage of the battlefield helped to create a euphoria of patriotism among the Indian masses, which later facilitated into collecting huge funds for the welfare of the families of Kargil martyrs. Every news programme draws the attention of large number of viewers but Kargil war attracts private broadcasters to invest more money in the broadcasting business by launching a news channel. In November 1999, TV18 entered into a 49:51 joint venture with CNBC Asia to launch CNBC India. TV18 is the sole program provider to CNBC India, and produces 12 hours of local content per day on this 24-hour satellite channel.
After the huge success of news programme ‘Aaj Tak’, TV Today group launched a 24-hour Hindi news channel with the same name ‘Aaj Tak’, in December 2000, which covers India with insight, courage and plenty of local flavour. Within 11 months of its launch, Aaj Tak emerged as India’s number one news channel and was awarded Best News Channel award from Indian Television Academy Awards. Some mega events apart from regular interesting items (such as Kandhahar hijack, September 11 attacks, Afghanistan war, attack on Parliament, Iraq war, Godhra carnage and riots) have driven up the viewership. As time passed, NDTV’s five years contract with Star group for outsourcing of news and related programming expired on March 2003. With the expiry NDTV forayed into broadcasting business by simultaneously launching two 24-hour news channels; NDTV 24X7 – English news channel and NDTV India – Hindi news channel, which targets the Indian diaspora across the world. News crazy Indians received more news at faster speed from different channels. Any unusual happening can be caught by the television camera anywhere form Rastrapati Bhawan to bedroom. The power of TV journalism was become more visible by the major sting operations like Operation West End and Shakti Kapoor Case. This style of investigative journalism has brought about a change in the way we look at news, amidst new notions of editorial freedom. The world’s largest family ‘Sahara India Parivar’ launched a 24-hour national Hindi news channel, Sahara Samay, in March 28, 2003. It is the first ever city-centric satellite news channels covering 31 cities in India with their own city news bulletins. Keeping the demand of news in mind, the Union cabinet approved the proposal to convert the DD Metro to DD news in a meeting held on 3 October 2003. Consequent to these decisions, DD-News channel was launched on 3 November 2003. You might have noticed that the news channels are language specific. But DD’s news channel contains the round the clock news bulletins in Hindi/ English are also telecast twice a day on the National Network of DD National.
‘Aap Ki Adalat’ fame Rajat Sharma, Sohaib Ilyasi, the man behind the highly successful ‘India’s Most Wanted’ and Taun Tejpal, editor-in-chief of Tehelka roped together and launched a free-to-air Hindi news and current affairs channel India TV on May 20, 2004. Indian viewers had more expectations from this channel. The much-awaited news channel hopes to set itself apart from the existing ones by setting new benchmarks of responsible journalism. Speaking on the occasion of the launch, Rajat Sharma, chairman, India TV, said, “We aim to change the way broadcast news reporting is being conducted in the country. India TV will set new benchmarks by maintaining international standards of responsible and credible news reporting. We will stay away from graphic depictions of violence and sensationalism of news. We will uphold the viewer’s right to correct information and their right to truth and verity. India TV is not just a news channel, it is a movement.” NDTV as a pioneer in Indian television news, set to create a fresh revolution in high-quality business news with the launch of NDTV Profit. NDTV launched this 24-hour business channel on January 17th, 2005.
There is no saturation point in launching of news channel, just booming like sky as the limit. Entertainment channel to infotainment channel, infotainment channel to news channel, news channels to business channel and Business channel to lots more. Now the satellite channels become more topicality with international standard. When we are talking about topicality, CNBC TV18, the only business channel, continues to be the medium of choice for India’s decision makers, affluent audiences across the country since 1999. It has set the pace for the growth in number of television channels by launching a 24-hour consumer channel in Hindi called ‘ Awaaz’. This news channel focusses on empowering consumers on decision-making related to investment, saving and spending. All the programmes are catering to consumers across different walks of life, which included personal finance; variety of markets including commodity, stocks, savings etc.; small businesses; education & career guidance; and verticals like health, shopping etc.
Another news channel was finally launched into the already cluttered news space in Indian television. Jagran TV Pvt Limited’s news channel, Channel 7 up-linked to the air on 27 March 2005. The channel has been set up to cater to the vast Hindi-speaking audiences, already being targeted by a slew of news channels. Channel 7 developed every programme with a bid to cater to all types of audiences and not just pre-dominantly male audiences who get attracted towards news channels.